Dr. Scilla Elworthy founded the Oxford Research Group (ORG) in 1982 to develop effective dialogue between nuclear weapons policy-makers worldwide and their critics. It is for this work that she was awarded the Niwano Peace Prize in 2003 and nominated three times for the Nobel Peace Prize. In 2003 she founded Peace Direct to fund, promote and learn from peace-builders in conflict areas. Since 2005 she has been an adviser to The Elders initiative, and in 2007 was appointed a member of the World Future Council and of the International Task Force on Preventive Diplomacy. Her most recent book is Making Terrorism History, co-authored with Gabrielle Rifkind.